Laser Technology Use Features in the Conditions of Modern State of Ukrainian Industry

Valery Kotlyarov, Alexander Kiyaschenko


Background. The economic decline ofUkraine is mainly caused by the decrease of industry part with the high level of value-added in the wares in GDP. The ineffective use of modern equipment in modern technologies is related to the decrease of competence of engineering skilled workers and all-round violation of technological discipline of preproduction. Besides, most technological operations are executed on principle of “job shop” by small LTD or other with low production culture.

Objective. Creation of the simplified methodology of technological preparation of the most widespread laser treatment operations that does not require the special multicriterion researches.

Methods. The essence of the worked out methodology consists in the implementation of procedure in two stages: on the first one requirements to the object are covered, that can be taken into account as a result of the simplified decisions of thermal tasks of heating and destruction of material by a laser ray, are taken into account. The second stage of planning envisages implementation of other requirements to the results of technological operation due to modernization of treatment scheme and use of the created engineering facilities.

Results. For treatment of hardware (leaks, cups, scratch marks, collars, engraving and contour undercut) the simplified analytical decision of heat-conducting equalization that is adequate during the temporal and power stabilizing of procedure of irradiation is used. The contour undercut of wares of non-metals (wood, plastics) is designed on the worked out scheme with adaptive organization of technological operation. Implementation of this stage of planning envisages the use of the special backer-ups of operation. The observance of requirements to the indexes of quality of operations is realized on the second stage by perfection of irradiation procedure, with the use of lenses of special construction that promote its stability.

Conclusions. The executed developments allowed achieving the goals – operative technological providing of laser treatment operations – using the analytical design of treatment processes and additional perfection of operations by the use of the special engineering facilities.


Technology; Laser; Technological operation; Engineering facilities; Design of process; Adaptive form of organization


P.I. Ulyakov, “Some conformities to law of destruction of hard environments by the radiation of OKG”, Zhurnal Jeksperimental'noj i Teoreticheskoj Fiziki, vol. 52, no. 3, pp. 821–823, 1967 (in Russian).

V.P. Veyko and M.N. Libenson, Laser Processing. Leningrad, SU: Lenizdat, 1973 (in Russian).

J. Steffen, “Prozessoptimierung blakus materialabtragenden bearbeitungs problemen ar Lasertrahlung”, Teinverktechn. un messtechn., vol. 87, no. 7, pp. 309-320, 1979.

G. Herziger et al., “Modulation technique to control laser material processing”, IEEE J. Quantum Electron., vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 175–176, 1987. doi: 10.1109/JQE.1974.1145805

V.P. Veyko, Laser Microprocessing. Staint Petersburg, Russia: St. University “IFMO”, 2007 (in Russian).

G.P. Suslov et al., Methods of Laser Dimensional Processing Accuracy Improvement. Leningrad, SU: Znanie, 1973 (in Russian).

G.N. Tarhov, “Processing of materials by light rays”, El. Phys. & El. Chem. Methods of Materials Treat., pp. 31–43, 1967 (in Russian).

E.D. Vaks, Technology of Machines Details Treatment by a Light Ray. Moscow, SU: Mashinostroenie, 1974 (in Russian).

N. Satoshi et al., “Laser machining of thin film”, Bull. Jap. Soc. Precis. Eng., vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 39–42, 1971.

V.M. Suminov et al., Processing of Parts by the Laser Ray. Moscow, SU: Mashinostroenie, 1969, P. 196 (in Russian).

N.I. Kulikovskaya, “Application of the Galilei system for the smooth change of divergence angle of ray, radiated by ОKG”, Optiko-Mehanicheskaja Promyshlennost', no. 12, pp. 19–21, 1975 (in Russian).

V.P. Kotlyarov et al., “Laser emitter for technological purposes”, USSR Patent 1610707, April 24, 1989 (in Russian).

V.P. Kotlyarov et al., “OKG for laser technological purposes”, El. Phys. & El. Chem. Methods of Materials Treat., Tula, SU: TPI, pp. 31–35, 1985 (in Russian).

V.P. Kotlyarov et al., “Method of the determination mode of the laser cutting of different thickness purveyances”, Ukraine Patent 74855, Nov. 12, 2011 (іn Ukrainіаn).

V.P. Kotlyarov et al., “A lens is for laser processing”, Ukraine Patent 58166, July 06, 2011 (іn Ukrainіаn).

V.P. Kotlyarov et al., “Laser equipment for processing of workpiece surface by ray”, Ukraine Patent 106618, December 10, 2015 (іn Ukrainіаn).

GOST Style Citations

  1. Уляков П.И. Некоторые закономерности разрушения твердых сред излучением ОКГ // ЖЭТФ. – 1967. – 52, № 3. – С. 821–831.
  2. Вейко В.П., Либенсон М.Н. Лазерная обработка. – Л.: Лениздат, 1973. – 192 с.
  3. Steffen J. Prozessoptimierung blakus materialabtragenden bearbeitungs problemen ar Lasertrahlung // Teinverktechn. un messtechn. – 1979. – 87, № 7. – P. 309–320.
  4. Herziger G., Stemme R., Weber H. Modulation technique to control laser material processing // IEEE J. Quantum Electron. – 1987. – 10, № 2. – P. 175–176.
  5. Вейко В.П. Лазерная микрообработка. – СПб.: ГУ ИТМО, 2007. – 111 с.
  6. Cуслов Г.П., Либенсон М.Н., Кокора А.Н. Методы повышения точности лазерной размерной обработки. – Л.: Знание, 1973. – 40 с.
  7. Тархов Г.Н. Светолучевая обработка материалов // Электрохим. и электрофиз. методы обр-ки материалов. – Тула: ТПИ, 1967. – С. 31–43.
  8. Вакс Е.Д. Технология обработки деталей машин световым лучом. – М.: Машиностроение, 1974. – 32 с.
  9. Satoshi N., Yasunao S., Kiichi T. Laser machining of thin film // Bull. Jap. Soc. Precis. Eng. – 1971. – 5, № 2. – P. 39–42.
  10. Обработка деталей лучом лазера / В.М. Суминов, Е.В. Промыслов, А.К. Скворчевский, Б.Р. Кузин. – М.: Машиностроение, 1969. – 196 с.
  11. Куликовская Н.И. Применение системы Галилея для плавного изменения расходимости пучка, излучаемого ОКГ // ОМП. – 1975. – № 12. – С. 19–21.
  12. Лазерный излучатель для технологических установок: А.с. 1610707 CРCР, МКІ3 В23К 26/00 / В.П. Котляров, И.И. Штома (СРСР). – № 4683135/31–27; Заявл. 24.04.89 (без публ.)
  13. Котляров В.П., Коваленко В.С., Анякин Н.И. ОКГ для лазерных технологических установок // Электрохим. и электрофиз. методы обр-ки материалов. – Тула: ТПИ, 1985. – С. 31–35.
  14. Спосіб визначення режиму лазерного різання заготовок різної товщини: Патент 58166 України, МПК7 В23К 26/38 / В.П. Котляров, Е.О. Лавріненков (Україна). – № u201008461; Заявл. 06.07.10; Опубл. 11.04.11, Бюл. № 7. – 3 с.: іл.
  15. Об’єктив для лазерної обробки: Патент 74855 України, МПК3 В23К 26/00 / В.П. Котляров, Д.В. Короткий (Україна). – № u201205710; Заявл. 10.05.2012; Опубл. 12.11.2012, Бюл. № 21. – 3 с.: іл.
  16. Лазерна установка для опромінення поверхні заготівки: Патент 106618 України, МПК3 В23К 26/04 / В.П. Котляров, В.Л. Дубнюк (Україна). – № u201512243; Заявл. 10.12.2015, Опубл. 25.04. 2016, Бюл. № 8. – 3 с.: іл.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2017 NTUU KPI