The template sol-gel method for synthesis of tin (iv) oxide nanoparticles

Тетяна Анатоліївна Донцова

Abstract


Background. It is known that the presence of templates greatly affects on physical and chemical properties of the  synthesized powders. Therefore, investigation of powders synthesis SnO2 in the presence and absence of templates by sol-gel method are scientific and practical interest.

Objective. The purpose this paper was synthesis of SnO2 nanoparticles in absence and presence of template non-ionic type (ethylene glycol and PEG) by sol-gel method and characterization of obtained powders.

Methods. In paper synthesized the tin (IV) oxide powders by sol-gel method with and without the use of templates. The ethylene glycol and polyethylene glycol with a molecular weight of 6000 (PEG 6000) was used as templates.

Results. The minimum temperature for crystallization of hydrated tin (IV) oxide powders is defined by thermal analysis. It is found that the heat treatment under these conditions leads to the formation of the polycrystalline powders pure rutile modification with a low degree of crystallinity and with a structure approximated to amorphous state. It is shown that the sol-gel method produces nanocrystalline (0.8–3.5 nm) and nanoparticulate (10–15 nm) powders of tin oxide (IV), and the use of template-PEG 6000 2–4 times reduces the size of crystallites. It is shown that the increase in mass of content template PEG-6000 from 1 to 10–75 % results in a slight distortion of the crystal lattice of tin oxide (IV). The calculated value of the bandgap for SnO2 is equal to 3,69 eV. This value is in good agreement with literature data.

Conclusions. The use of sol-gel method allows to obtain of nanoparticle SnO2 powders, and template –significantly smaller crystallite size SnO2 (to 0.8 nm). It is shown that minimum temperature for receiving of crystalline SnO2 is 350 °C.



Keywords


Tin (IV) Oxide; Nanoparticles; Sol-gel method; Template

References


E.P. Ganesh et al., “Preparation and characterization of SnO2 nanoparticles by hydrothermal route”, Int. Nano Lett., no. 2, pp. 1–5, 2012. doi:10.1186/2228-5326-2-17.

Q. Zhou et al., “Hydrothermal synthesis of various hierarchical ZnO. Nanostructures and their methane sensing properties”, Sensors, no. 13, pp. 6171–6182, 2013. doi:10.3390/s130506171.

T. Dontsova et al., “Stabilization of nanoscale Tin (IV) Oxide on the surface of Carbon nanotubes”, J. Electrical Engineering, vol. 2(1), pp. 34–38, 2014.

C.M. Liu et al., “Fabrication and characterization of wire-like SnO2”, J. Physics, vol. 39, pp. 2494–2497, 2006. doi:10.1088/0022-3727/39/12/004.

S.V. Nagirnyak et al., “Synthesis and characterization of nanoscale powders tin (IV) oxide with Stanum (II) oxalate”, Naukovi Visti NTUU KPI, no. 2, pp. 151–155, 2012 (in Ukrainian).

S.V. Nagirnyak et al., “Synthesis and properties of tin (IV) oxide obtained by CVD method”, Nanoscale Res. Lett., 2015, vol. 10.

H. Wang et al., “Hierarchical SnO2 Nanostructures: Recent Advances in Design”, Chem. Mater., vol. 26, no. 1, pp. 123–133, 2014. doi: 10.1021/cm4018248.


GOST Style Citations


  1. Preparation and characterization of SnO2 nanoparticles by hydrothermal route / E.P. Ganesh, D.K. Dnyaneshwar, B.G. Vishwas et al. // Int. Nano Lett. – 2012 – № 2. – Р. 1–5.

  2. Hydrothermal synthesis of various hierarchical ZnO. Nanostructures and their methane sensing properties / Q. Zhou, W. Chen, L. Xu et al. // Sensors. – 2013. – № 13. – Р. 6171–6182.

  3. Stabilization of nanoscale Tin (IV) Oxide on the surface of Carbon nanotubes / T. Dontsova, I. Ivanenko, I. Astrelin et al. // J. Electrical Engineering. – 2014. – 2(1). – P. 34–38.

  4. Fabrication and characterization of wire-like SnO2 / C.M. Liu,  X.T. Zu,  Q.M. Wei et al. // J. Physics. – 2006. – 39. – P. 2494–2497.

  5. Нагірняк С.В., Донцова Т.А., Астрелін І.М. Синтез та характеристика нанодисперсних порошків оксиду стануму (IV) з оксалату стануму (ІІ) // Наукові вісті НТУУ “КПІ”. – 2012. – № 2. – С. 151–155.

  6. Synthesis and properties of Tin (IV) Oxide obtained by CVD method / S.V. Nagirnyak, V.A. Lutz, T.A. Dontsova at al. // Nanoscale Res. Lett. – 2015 (accepted for publication).

  7. Wang H., Rogach A.L. Hierarchical SnO2 Nanostructures: Recent Advances in Design // Chem. Mater. – 2014. – 26, no. 1. – P. 123–133.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.20535/1810-0546.2015.3.56734

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