Білки теплового шоку: роль у формуванні імунної відповіді

Олександр Юрійович Галкін, Віра Євстафіївна Казмірчук, Наталія Петрівна Метальнікова


Aim of this work was to analyze the results of scientific studies of biological properties of heat shock proteins of pro- and eukaryotic beings and to identify the mechanisms of their interaction with human immune system. Heat shock proteins have been founded in pro- and eukaryotes, they are conserved molecules produced by cells in response to stress, and are present in intrasellar space as well as in extracellular environment and under normal conditions. The most important biological function of these proteins is chaperon activity. Heat shock proteins are able to modulate of humoral and cellular immunity. High-conservative structure of the proteins of different organisms can cause the development of autoimmune diseases in humans. When a bacterial infection heat shock proteins activate antigen-specific immunity and stimulate the production of anti-inflammatory cytokines. Molecular complexes of proteins and tumor/viral peptides provide specific activation of immune responses and nonspecific stimulation of immune cells. Heat shock proteins, natural autoantibodies to them, other endogenous and exogenous proteins that are present in the human body, antigen presentation cells and different subpopulations of T lymphocytes form the self-segulatory immune system such as the idiotypical immune network.


Heat shock proteins; Biological properties; Immune system; Immune idiotypic network


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