Obtaining of Peracetic Cellulose from Oat Straw for Paper Manufacturing

Tetyana V. Zelenchuk, Irina M. Deykun, Valerii A. Barbash

Abstract


Background. Development of technology for obtaining peracetic pulp from oat straw and its use in the production of one of the paper mass types.

Objective. Determination of peracetic cooking technological parameters’ optimal values for oat straw peracetic cellulose quality indicators.

Methods. The oat straw cooking was carried out with peracetic acid at 95 ± 1 °C from 90 to 180 min for hydromodulus 8:1 and 7:1, using a sodium tungstate catalyst. To determine the oat straw peracetic cellulose mechanical indexes, laboratory samples of paper weighing 70 g/m2 were made.

Results. Technological parameters’ optimum values (temperature, cooking duration, hydromodulus, hydrogen peroxide and acetic acid concentration) for the oat straw delignification process were established. It is shown that the sodium tungstate catalyst addition to the cooking solution at a rate of up to 1 % of the plant raw material weight helps to reduce the lignin content in cellulose to 15 %. A diagram of the cellulose yield dependence on its residual lignin content for various methods of non-wood plant material species delignification is constructed. The high efficiency of the peracetic method for obtaining cellulose from non-wood plant raw materials, in particular from oat straw, has been confirmed. It is determined that the obtained peracetic cellulose from oat straw has high mechanical indexes.

Conclusions. Oat straw peracetic cellulose can be used for the production of paper and cardboard mass types, in particular wrapping paper.

Keywords


Oat straw; Cellulose; Delignification; Catalyst; Paper; Mechanical indexes

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.20535/1810-0546.2017.5.109125

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