Obtaining of Peracetic Cellulose from Oat Straw for Paper Manufacturing
Background. Development of technology for obtaining peracetic pulp from oat straw and its use in the production of one of the paper mass types.
Objective. Determination of peracetic cooking technological parameters’ optimal values for oat straw peracetic cellulose quality indicators.
Methods. The oat straw cooking was carried out with peracetic acid at 95 ± 1 °C from 90 to 180 min for hydromodulus 8:1 and 7:1, using a sodium tungstate catalyst. To determine the oat straw peracetic cellulose mechanical indexes, laboratory samples of paper weighing 70 g/m2 were made.
Results. Technological parameters’ optimum values (temperature, cooking duration, hydromodulus, hydrogen peroxide and acetic acid concentration) for the oat straw delignification process were established. It is shown that the sodium tungstate catalyst addition to the cooking solution at a rate of up to 1 % of the plant raw material weight helps to reduce the lignin content in cellulose to 15 %. A diagram of the cellulose yield dependence on its residual lignin content for various methods of non-wood plant material species delignification is constructed. The high efficiency of the peracetic method for obtaining cellulose from non-wood plant raw materials, in particular from oat straw, has been confirmed. It is determined that the obtained peracetic cellulose from oat straw has high mechanical indexes.Conclusions. Oat straw peracetic cellulose can be used for the production of paper and cardboard mass types, in particular wrapping paper.
R. Parida. Will India be the Fastest Growing Paper Market in the World? [Online]. Available: https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/india-fastest-growing-paper-market-world-ranjan-parida
News of the Association of Ukrainian Enterprises of the Pulp and Paper Industry “UkrPapіr” [Online]. Available: https://www.ukrpapir.org/news.php
S. Matthis, “Global paper and paperboard market forecast to grow 1.1 per cent”, The industry of pulp and paper, 2017.
T.K. Fagbemigun et al., “Pulp and paper-making potential of corn husk”, Int. J. AgriScience, vol. 4, no. 4, pp. 209–213, 2014.
M. Kamoga et al., “A review on pulp manufacture from non wood plant materials”, Int. J. Chem. Eng. Appl., vol. 4, no. 3, pp. 144–148, 2013. doi: 10.7763/IJCEA.2013.V4.281
V. Safdaril et al., “Identification of fibers of woody and non-woody plant. Species in pulp and papers”, Рak. J. Bot., vol. 43, no. 4, pp. 2127–2133, 2011.
V.A. Barbash, “The potential of non-wood plant raw material for the production of paper and cardboard”, Lіsove Gospodarstvo, Lіsova, Paperova і Derevoobrobna Promislovіst, iss. 37.1, pp. 217–223, 2011 (in Ukrainian).
R.W. Hunter, “Nonwood plant fiber uses in papermaking”, in Appita, 2010.
S.P. Primakov et al., Production of Sulphite and Organosolvent Cellulose. Kyiv, Ukraine: EKMO, 2009.
R. Kumar et al., “Comparison of laboratory delignification methods, their selectivity, and impacts on physiochemical characteristics of cellulosic biomass”, Biores. Technol., vol. 130, pp. 372–381, 2013. doi: 10.1016/j.biortech.2012.12.028
V. Вarbash et al., “Peracetic acid pulp from annual plants”, Cellulose Chem. Technol., vol. 45, no. 9-10, pp. 613–618, 2011.
F. Zeinaly et al., “Improving the bleaching process of hardwood chemi-mechanical pulp”, Cellulose Chem. Technol., vol. 50, no. 2, pp. 285–292, 2016.
W.M. Haynes, Handbook of Chemistry and Physics. Boca Raton: CRC Press, 2014.
W. Sridach, “The environmentally benign pulping process of non-wood fibers”, Suranaree J. Sci. Technol, vol. 17, no. 2, pp. 105–123, 2010.
H.A. Ruiz et al., “Development and characterization of an environmentally friendly process sequence (autohydrolysis and organosolv) for wheat straw delignification”, Appl. Biochem. Biotechnol., vol. 164, pp. 629–641, 2011. doi: 10.1007/s12010-011-9163-9
A. Rodríguez et al., “Rice straw pulp obtained by using various methods”, Biores. Technol., vol. 99, no. 8, pp. 2881–2886, 2008. doi: 10.1016/j.biortech.2007.06.003
P. Zwer and M. Faulkner, “Producing quality oat hay”, in Union Offset Printers, 2006.
Tappi Test Methods. Atlanta, Georgia: Tappi Press, 2004.
L.P. Antonenko et al., “Cellulose production method”, UA Patent 26866, Oct. 10, 2007 (in Ukrainian).
V.A. Barbash, “Substantiation of processes efficiency methodology assessment of plant material delignification”, Naukovі Vіstі NTUU KPІ, no. 5, pp. 146–151, 2011.
V.A. Barbash and O.V. Yaschenko, “Оbtaining of straw pulp in isobutanol medium”, Naukovі Vіstі NTUU KPІ, no. 6, pp. 80–86, 2015. doi: 10.20535/1810-0546.2015.6.51145
V. Barbash et al., “Сomparative pulping of sunflower stalks”, Science Rise, no. 3/2 (20), pp. 71–78, 2016. doi: 10.15587/2313-8416.2016.63098
GOST Style Citations
Copyright (c) 2017 Igor Sikorsky Kyiv Polytechnic Institute
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.